清代农业的发展和不发展(1661~1911年)

史志宏教授,中国社会科学院经济研究所

作者简介

史志宏教授1949年出生于北京,先后就读于北京大学哲学系、历史系,师从商鸿逵先生,1982年获历史学硕士学位。1983年至1985年间,就职于中国第一历史档案馆。1985年至1988年间,在中国社会科学院研究生院师从李文治先生,获经济学博士学位。其后,就职于中国社会科学院经济研究所,历任助理研究员(1988)、副研究员(1990)、研究员(1996)、中国社会科学院研究生院经济系教授、博士生导师(2000),于2011年荣退。史志宏教授自1993年起享受国务院政府特殊津贴,曾任中国经济史学会古代经济史专业委员会理事,先后赴英国伦敦大学亚非学院(SOAS)和荷兰莱顿大学汉学研究院(Sinological Institute)做访问学者并从事合作研究。
 
目录
导 言

  一 本书缘起

  二 历史数据

  三 研究方法

  四 前人成果

第一章 耕地面积

  一 清官书的田亩数字非实际耕地数

  二 清代各时期实际耕地面积估计

第二章 粮食的平均亩产和总产量

  一 亩产量

  二 总产量

第三章 粮食总产值

  一 现存的清代粮价数据

  二 道光三十年的粮价和清代各时期粮食总产值估计

  三 粮食的生产成本和粮食生产增加值估计

第四章 种植业总产值和农业总产值

  一 种植业总产值

  二 林牧渔业和农业生产总值

第五章 清代农业的发展与不发展

  一 清代农业是中国传统农业发展的最高峰

  二 清代农业发展的局限

附录一 清代人口估计和人口资料

  一 清代官方的人口统计

  二 本项研究各时点的人口总数估计

附录二 清代的耕地面积记录

附录三 清代的粮食亩产记录

参考文献

丛书名:中国量化经济史丛书
页数:354
书号:978-7-5097-9920-8
关键词:清代|农业|中国农业
开本:16
装帧:平装

更多关于本书英文版信息可见以下链接
Agricultural Development in Qing China: A Quantitative Study, 1661-1911

19世纪中国大众识字率的再估算

when 2013
who 徐毅

巴斯·范鲁文

what chapter 19世纪中国大众识字率的再估算
what book 清史论丛 2013年号
publisher 中国广播电视出版社
where 北京
language 中文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi
   

Book Description

《清史论丛(2013年号)》由中国社会科学院历史研究所清史研究室编写,主要内容包括:己庚旱灾及其政治影响、清代泥石流灾害刍议、李塨京师教馆考、试论南书房世家的形成原因、郝浴与银冈书院及其历史贡献、远方奇人与蛮夷之祸——明清之际士人社会对天主教的总体认识等内容。

Book Contents

许大龄师的为人与为学–纪念许大龄教授诞生90周年
清代泥石流灾害刍议
己庚旱灾及其政治影响
清朝地方社会治安文武分工协防体系考论
清中叶朝廷和基层旗人对满洲典礼的张扬,
史实在清代传记中的变异–佟国纲、华善奏请改隶满洲考辨
凌驷甲、乙之际事迹考辨
疆臣守土:汉军旗人蔡毓荣的“武功与文治”
李塨京师教馆考
汪端年谱
试论南书房世家的形成原因
论焦循与八股文
乾隆时期广西乡试舞弊案简述
乾隆时期连台本大戏演剧的宫廷化特色
学潮、学科与学制–光绪二十九年张之洞在京参与学务考
19世纪中国大众识字率的再估算
郝浴与银冈书院及其历史贡献
韩江雅集–清中叶士商互动的个案研究
所见、所闻、所传闻:《阅微草堂笔记》的采信分析
乾嘉学派中江藩的归属问题探析
《周益文忠公集》对清代辑佚学的贡献 –以朱彝尊《经义考》与四库馆臣《永乐大典》辑佚为例“
“以书经世”与“藏而为学”:管庭芬藏书思想刍议
13一17.世纪西方对中国人娱乐之认知
远方奇人与蛮夷之祸–明清之际士人社会对天主教的总体认识
《李安德日记》节译

Book Reviews

citation format

MLA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
Vancouver

李成燕《清代雍正时期的京畿水利营田》读后

when 2012
who 刘上琼
徐毅
what journal 中国史研究动态
what paper 李成燕《清代雍正时期的京畿水利营田》读后
language 中文

involved project member(s)

Xu Yi
 

abstract

李成燕博士的新著《清代雍正时期的京畿水利营田》已由中央民族大学出版社出版(2011年9月),全书33万字。是书具体研究了清雍正时期京畿一带的水利营田活动的起因、经过、结果,以及出现该结果的直接原

keywords

citation format

MLA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
Vancouver

 

《清代户部银库收支和库存统计》一书读后

when 2008
who 徐毅
刘上琼
what journal 中国史研究动态
what paper 《清代户部银库收支和库存统计》一书读后
language 中文

involved project member(s)

Xu Yi
 

abstract

福建人民出版社2008年2月出版的史志宏先生的新著《清代户部银库收支和库存统计》,是经济史学界不多见的基础性成果。银库是清朝户部三大库藏中最重要的库藏,“为天下财赋总汇”,堪称当时封建王朝的“国库”。清中央政府以“京饷”的名义,将各省所征田赋、盐课、关税、杂税等项收入除去本省存留和省际协拨外全部集中于户部银库,用来开支京师的兵饷、官俸、役食及各项行政费用。研究清代中央财政,没有系统、长时段的银库收支数据支撑,仅凭记述性的历史记载或零散、片段的数字资料,是不可能做到十分详细和准确的。

keywords

citation format

MLA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
Vancouver

 

刘祥学著《壮族地区人地关系过程中的环境适应研究》读后

when 2014
who 朱海强
徐毅
what journal 中国史研究动态
what paper 刘祥学著《壮族地区人地关系过程中的环境适应研究》读后
language 中文

involved project member(s)

Xu Yi
 

abstract

近年来,作为一个新兴的交叉学科——民族历史地理学日益兴起。就某一具体民族而言,系统、深入研究其环境适应问题的研究成果并不多见。刘祥学新著《壮族地区人地关系过程中的环境适应研究》(广西师范大学出版社,2013年9月版)以其对壮族这一典型个案的夯实研究为民族历史地理学的研究增添生色。是书除了导言外,共分为七章,民族学调查资料与地方史志资料相结合,依次讨论了壮族与其生存环境之间的紧密关系;宋代以来壮族空间分布格局的演变;壮族对水、林资源的利用; 

keywords

环境适应; 人地关系; 历史地理学; 地方史志; 空间分布格局; 调查资料; 生存环境; 交叉学科; 研究成果; 互动关系;

citation format

MLA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
Vancouver

 

Where Do Ideas Come from? The Relation between Book Production and Patents from the Industrial Revolution to the Present

when 2014
who Aurelian P. Plopeanu
Peter Foldvari
Bas van Leeuwen
Jan Luiten Van Zanden
what journal European Journal of Science and Theology
what paper Where Do Ideas Come from? The Relation between Book Production and Patents from the Industrial Revolution to the Present
language English

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Peter Foldvari
   

abstract

Recently, more and more use is made from book production as a measure of the long-run development of human capital. However, its relation with technology and growth is often found to be small and changing over time. In this paper we try to establish the link between book production and the spread of “ideas” as proxied by patents both over time and between regions. Two mechanisms may be distinguished. First, in the initial phase of economic development, the production of books may stimulate the accumulation of knowledge already present in society. After such an accumulation is complete, books may advance a common research focus within a certain geographic space. Indeed, applying this to the case of England, we find that books had a significant role on the number of patents during the second Industrial Revolution. However, when education became increasingly important, the role of books eventually broke down in the second half of the twentieth century. This pattern does not hold true for less developed regions where, due to the lack of efficient education, linguistic fragmentation, an overwhelmingly oral culture, and a structural different kind of knowledge, book production stagnated and no knowledge could be imported (for example, via translated books).

keywords

book production, patents, ideas, education, economic development

citation format

MLA
Plopeanu, Aurelian P., et al. “Where do Ideas come from? The relation between book production and patents from the Industrial Revolution to the present.” (2014).
APA
Plopeanu, A. P., Foldvari, P., van Leeuwen, B., & Van Zanden, J. L. (2014). Where do Ideas come from? The relation between book production and patents from the Industrial Revolution to the present.
Chicago
Plopeanu, Aurelian P., Peter Foldvari, Bas van Leeuwen, and Jan Luiten Van Zanden. “Where do Ideas come from? The relation between book production and patents from the Industrial Revolution to the present.” (2014).
Harvard
Plopeanu, A.P., Foldvari, P., van Leeuwen, B. and Van Zanden, J.L., 2014. Where do Ideas come from? The relation between book production and patents from the Industrial Revolution to the present.
Vancouver
Plopeanu AP, Foldvari P, van Leeuwen B, Van Zanden JL. Where do Ideas come from? The relation between book production and patents from the Industrial Revolution to the present.

Human Capital in Qing China: Economic Determinism or a History of Failed Opportunities?

when 2013
who Xu Yi
Peter Foldvari
Bas van Leeuwen
what journal MPRA Paper
what paper Human capital in Qing China: economic determinism or a history of failed opportunities?
language 英文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Peter Foldvari Xu Yi
     

abstract

The traditional education system in Qing China has been widely debated over the past decades. Some have argued it was efficient and furthered economic growth, while others have stressed its inefficient nature, which led to the introduction of the modern education system in the closing decades of the 19th century, followed by its total collapse in 1905. In this paper we make a first try to quantify above debate. Starting from the observation that below the well-known civil examination system there existed a whole system of popular and vocational education, we find that years of education in the population were still lower than in many European countries. More interestingly, whereas in European countries years of education increased strongly in the 19th century, our estimates of average years of education and the ABCC indices show that the level of education remained stable well into the 1920s when it accelerated. However, the main rise only occurred during the late 20th century. This finding leads to an interesting question since per capita income only started to grow significantly since the 1950s. This means that the rise of education since the mid-1920s was not as such driven by per capita income. Apparently this was the same for both the traditional and modern education since the latter had already started to transform Chinese education from the 1890s onwards. Hence, we have to look at the question why persons decided to follow education, i.e. was it individually profitable to follow education (positive private returns)? However, testing for this latter hypothesis shows that, after correction for foregone earnings, life expectancy, and probability of passing the exams, only the below shengyuan level students actually had positive returns. For an ordinary person it was therefore uneconomical to join in the civil examination system. Apparently this did not change, not even after the introduction of the modern education system, until the 1950s.

keywords

human capital; China, private returns; economic development

citation format

MLA
Xu, Yi, Peter Foldvari, and Bas Van Leeuwen. “Human capital in Qing China: economic determinism or a history of failed opportunities?.” (2013).
APA
Xu, Y., Foldvari, P., & Van Leeuwen, B. (2013). Human capital in Qing China: economic determinism or a history of failed opportunities?.
Chicago
Xu, Yi, Peter Foldvari, and Bas Van Leeuwen. “Human capital in Qing China: economic determinism or a history of failed opportunities?.” (2013).
Harvard
Xu, Y., Foldvari, P. and Van Leeuwen, B., 2013. Human capital in Qing China: economic determinism or a history of failed opportunities?.
Vancouver
Xu Y, Foldvari P, Van Leeuwen B. Human capital in Qing China: economic determinism or a history of failed opportunities?.

 

A note on height and surnames: the role of networks

when 2014
who Wolter Hassink
Bas van Leeuwen
what journal Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy
what paper A note on height and surnames: the role of networks
language 英文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen
 

abstract

Many studies indicate that human height is determined largely by childhood circumstances, which in turn influences an adult’s labor market opportunities. The aim of this note is to test this thesis by examining the correlation between childhood circumstances and labor market outcomes on the one hand, and heights on the other, when networks are included as proxied by surnames. The fact that, after the inclusion of this surname proxy, we find a correlation only between height and labor market outcomes suggests that while childhood circumstances affect height largely via social status and networks as captured by surnames, the same does not apply for labor market outcomes.

keywords

Indonesia, networks, stature

citation format

MLA
Hassink, Wolter, and Bas van Leeuwen. “A note on height and surnames: the role of networks.” Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 19.4 (2014): 579-587.
APA
Hassink, W., & van Leeuwen, B. (2014). A note on height and surnames: the role of networks. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 19(4), 579-587.
Chicago
Hassink, Wolter, and Bas van Leeuwen. “A note on height and surnames: the role of networks.” Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 19, no. 4 (2014): 579-587.
Harvard
Hassink, W. and van Leeuwen, B., 2014. A note on height and surnames: the role of networks. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 19(4), pp.579-587.
Vancouver
Hassink W, van Leeuwen B. A note on height and surnames: the role of networks. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy. 2014 Oct 2;19(4):579-87.

#logo or frontpage of the journal if a big picture#

An Estimation of the Human Capital Stock in Eastern and Central Europe

when 2005
who Bas van Leeuwen
Peter Foldvari
what journal Eastern European Economics
what paper An Estimation of the Human Capital Stock in Eastern and Central Europe
language 英文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Peter Foldvari
   

abstract

Using the method suggested by Dagum and Slottje (2000), this study estimates the value of national and per capita human capital for six Central and Eastern European countries: Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, Estonia, Bulgaria, and Russia. The estimates are based on available household surveys for 1993, 1995, and 1997. The results indicate that the per capita human capital stock was much lower in Central and Eastern Europe than in the United States in 1982 as estimated by Dagum and Slottje. This paper also shows that the human capital estimates by the Dagum-Slottje method are subject to a sample selection bias, which can be corrected by the Heckman selection model.

keywords

citation format

MLA Földvári, Péter, and Bas van Leeuwen. “An estimation of the human capital stock in Eastern and Central Europe.” Eastern European Economics 43.6 (2005): 53-65.
APA
Földvári, P., & Leeuwen, B. V. (2005). An estimation of the human capital stock in Eastern and Central Europe. Eastern European Economics, 43(6), 53-65.
Chicago
Földvári, Péter, and Bas van Leeuwen. “An estimation of the human capital stock in Eastern and Central Europe.” Eastern European Economics 43, no. 6 (2005): 53-65.
Harvard
Földvári, P. and Leeuwen, B.V., 2005. An estimation of the human capital stock in Eastern and Central Europe. Eastern European Economics, 43(6), pp.53-65.
Vancouver
Földvári P, Leeuwen BV. An estimation of the human capital stock in Eastern and Central Europe. Eastern European Economics. 2005 Dec 1;43(6):53-65.

#logo or frontpage of the journal if a big picture#

农业革命的量化——评史志宏《清代农业生产指标的估计》

when 2015
who 巴斯·范鲁文
张紫鹏
what journal 中国经济史研究
what paper 农业革命的量化——评史志宏《清代农业生产指标的估计》
language 中文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Zhang Zipeng
   

abstract

农业发展是历史研究,或者更确切地说,经济史研究中最重要的领域之一。譬如农业生产率的提高被视为推升英格兰工业化水平的一个重要原因。此外,前近代社会由于经济规模较小,农业在其福利和税收方面都扮演着重要角色。因此,几个世纪以来,许多所谓传统学派的学者试图对农业总产出进行量化。随着城市化的兴起,出现了另一种学派,着重研究农业变动的社会和文化涵义。不过,传统学派的重要地位一直延续至今。在中国,农业的定量研究同样是许多大讨论的基础。譬如最近兴起的大分流讨论,即针对18至19世纪中国相对于西欧的经济地位,其中农业部门增长或衰退的争论便是其中的主要问题之一。史志宏研究员在其《清代农业生产指标的估计》一文中,对清代中国农业的数据进行了系统化的收集和分析,堪称这一领域最全面的研究成果,必将对农业史和经济史的研究产生重大影响。

keywords

农业,中国,英格兰,清代

 

citation format

MLA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
Vancouver