Human Capital in Republican and New China: Regional and Long-Term Trends

Economic History of Developing Regions

when 2017
who Bas van Leeuwen
Peter Foldvari
Li Jieli
what journal Economic History of Developing Regions
what paper Human Capital in Republican and New China: Regional and Long-Term Trends
language 英文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Peter Foldvari Li Jieli

abstract

In recent decades it has been debated whether China’s growth performance is primarily driven by capital accumulation (more inputs) or rather by an increase in Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth (better technology and institutions). The answer to this question may offer a glimpse into the future trends of China’s economic growth. If the perspiration factors are dominant, one should expect a slowdown in the growth of the Chinese economy in accordance with the traditional Solow model. If, however, TFP growth drives per capita GDP growth, one can expect a strong convergence of China toward the technological frontier. In this paper we combine historical, long-term analysis with quantitative methods to find out whether the effect of (both human- and physical) capital and TFP on growth changed over the last 90 years. While partly relying on existing data, lack of information required us to estimate a new dataset on human capital for the provinces of China between 1922 and 2010 which allows us to decompose the observed economic growth into accumulation driven and TFP driven parts. We find that general technological development improved steadily over the course of the 1990s and 2000s.

keywords

Chinaeconomic developmenthuman capitaltechnology


citation format

MLA van Leeuwen, Bas, Jieli van Leeuwen-Li, and Peter Foldvari. “Human capital in Republican and New China: regional and long-term trends.” Economic History of Developing Regions 32.1 (2017): 1-36.
APA
van Leeuwen, B., van Leeuwen-Li, J., & Foldvari, P. (2017). Human capital in Republican and New China: regional and long-term trends. Economic History of Developing Regions, 32(1), 1-36.
Chicago van Leeuwen, Bas, Jieli van Leeuwen-Li, and Peter Foldvari. “Human capital in Republican and New China: regional and long-term trends.” Economic History of Developing Regions 32, no. 1 (2017): 1-36.
Harvard van Leeuwen, B., van Leeuwen-Li, J. and Foldvari, P., 2017. Human capital in Republican and New China: regional and long-term trends. Economic History of Developing Regions, 32(1), pp.1-36.
Vancouver van Leeuwen B, van Leeuwen-Li J, Foldvari P. Human capital in Republican and New China: regional and long-term trends. Economic History of Developing Regions. 2017 Jan 2;32(1):1-36.

Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933

Australian Economic History Review
when 2016
who Yi Xu
Zhihong Shi
Bas van Leeuwen
Yuping Ni
Zipeng Zhang
Ye Ma
what journal Australian Economic History Review
what paper Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933
language 英文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi Zhang Zipeng
     

abstract

In recent decades, national income has become increasingly important as a measure of a nation’s economic health. In this study, we used a wide array of primary and secondary sources to arrive at values of the Chinese per capita gross domestic product during the period of 1661–1933. We found a persistent decline in the per capita gross domestic product between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, followed by a period of stagnation. This pattern, which shows up in many Asian countries, with the exception of Japan, provides a basis for improving our understanding of the patterns of global economic convergence and divergence.

keywords

中国; 增长; 国民收入; 清代

link to paper page of the journal website

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aehr.12127/full

citation format

MLA Xu, Yi et al. “Chinese National Income, Ca. 1661–1933.” Australian Economic History Review, vol 57, no. 3, 2016, pp. 368–393. doi:10.1111/aehr.12127.
APA Xu, Y., Shi, Z., van Leeuwen, B., Ni, Y., Zhang, Z., & Ma, Y. (2016). Chinese National Income, ca. 1661-1933. Australian Economic History Review, 57(3), 368–393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aehr.12127
Chicago Xu, Yi, Zhihong Shi, Bas van Leeuwen, Yuping Ni, Zipeng Zhang, and Ye Ma. 2016. “Chinese National Income, Ca. 1661-1933”. Australian Economic History Review 57 (3): 368–393. doi:10.1111/aehr.12127.
Harvard
Xu, Y., Shi, Z., Leeuwen, B., Ni, Y., Zhang, Z. and Ma, Y., 2017. Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933. Australian Economic History Review, 57(3), pp.368-393.
Vancouver Xu Y, Shi Z, Leeuwen B, Ni Y, Zhang Z, Ma Y. Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933. Australian Economic History Review. 2017 Nov 1;57(3):368-93.

 

China in World Industrialization

when 2016
who 徐毅

巴斯·范鲁文

what journal 中国经济学人(英文版)
what paper China in World Industrialization
language 英文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi
   

abstract

Combining the sectoral accounting method of the System of National Accounts(SNA) with new statistical materials from the United Nations, as well as historical research into various countries around the world, this paper arrives at an estimate of value added of Chinese and world industries between 1850 and 2012. In doing so, we not only modify past work by Paul Bairoch, but also arrive at significantly different conclusions about China’s position in world industrialization. 

keywords

China, industrialization, value added, world

link to paper page of the journal website

http://www.chinaeconomist.com/index.php/2017/05/22/china-in-world-industrialization/

citation format

MLA Xu, Y., and Bas van Leeuwen. “China in World Industrialization.” China Economist 11.6 (2016): 98-109.
APA Xu, Y., & van Leeuwen, B. (2016). China in World Industrialization. China Economist, 11(6), 98-109.
Chicago Xu, Y., and Bas van Leeuwen. “China in World Industrialization.” China Economist 11, no. 6 (2016): 98-109.
Harvard Xu, Y. and van Leeuwen, B., 2016. China in World Industrialization. China Economist, 11(6), pp.98-109.
Vancouver Xu Y, van Leeuwen B. China in World Industrialization. China Economist. 2016;11(6):98-109.

中国历史时期经济总量估值研究:——以GDP的测算为中心(英文)

when 2016
who 倪玉平
徐毅
范鲁文·巴斯
what journal 中国社会科学(英文版)
what paper 中国历史时期经济总量估值研究:——以GDP的测算为中心(英文)
language 英文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi
   

abstract

Since the 1990s, thanks to the concerted efforts of domestic and international scholars, the research on China’s historical GDP that began in the 1930s has received widespread attention, and is becoming a widely discussed issue at the forefront of research on world economic history. At the same time, several scholars at home and abroad have also voiced a call for more theoretical and empirical reflection within this line of research. Diversification of methods, systematic reconstruction of historical data, and international comparisons represent three emerging trends in future research on this subject. By encouraging and leading these trends, Chinese scholars can assume a greater role in international research on economic history.

keywords

China, historical GDP, economic aggregate, calculation

link to paper page of the journal website

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02529203.2016.1241494

citation format

MLA Yuping, Ni, Xu Yi, and Bas van Leeuwen. “Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview.” Social Sciences in China 37.4 (2016): 56-75.
APA  Yuping, N., Yi, X., & van Leeuwen, B. (2016). Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview. Social Sciences in China, 37(4), 56-75.
Chicago  Yuping, Ni, Xu Yi, and Bas van Leeuwen. “Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview.” Social Sciences in China 37, no. 4 (2016): 56-75.
Harvard  Yuping, N., Yi, X. and van Leeuwen, B., 2016. Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview. Social Sciences in China, 37(4), pp.56-75.
Vancouver  Yuping N, Yi X, van Leeuwen B. Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview. Social Sciences in China. 2016 Oct 1;37(4):56-75.

 

中国历史时期经济总量估值研究——以GDP的测算为中心

when 2015
who 倪玉平
徐毅
范鲁文·巴斯
what journal 中国社会科学
what paper 中国历史时期经济总量估值研究——以GDP的测算为中心
language 中文

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi
   

摘要

中国不仅是四大文明古国之一,也曾是世界上最大的经济体。从20世纪后期起,特别是进入21世纪以来,中国经济在改革开放中迅速崛起。根据不同的国际购买力平价计算,2010年前后,中国GDP已超过日本,仅次于美国,成为世界GDP第二大国。在此背景下,重新评价历史上中国经济发展水平及其在世界经济史上的地位日益受到国内外学者的关注。

关键词

中国, 历史GDP, 经济总量, 估算

link to paper page of the journal website

中国知网

引用格式

MLA Yuping, Ni, Xu Yi, and Bas van Leeuwen. “Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview.” Social Sciences in China 5(2015): 187-202
APA Yuping, N., Yi, X., & van Leeuwen, B. (2015). Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview. Social Sciences in China, (5), 187-202.
Chicago Yuping, Ni, Xu Yi, and Bas van Leeuwen. “Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview.” Social Sciences in China no. 5 (2015): 187-202.
Harvard Yuping, N., Yi, X. and van Leeuwen, B., 2015. Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview. Social Sciences in China, (5), pp.187-202.
Vancouver Yuping N, Yi X, van Leeuwen B. Calculating China’s Historical Economic Aggregate: A GDP-centered Overview. Social Sciences in China. 2015 May 10;(5):187-202.