清代农业的发展和不发展(1661~1911年)

史志宏教授,中国社会科学院经济研究所

作者简介

史志宏教授1949年出生于北京,先后就读于北京大学哲学系、历史系,师从商鸿逵先生,1982年获历史学硕士学位。1983年至1985年间,就职于中国第一历史档案馆。1985年至1988年间,在中国社会科学院研究生院师从李文治先生,获经济学博士学位。其后,就职于中国社会科学院经济研究所,历任助理研究员(1988)、副研究员(1990)、研究员(1996)、中国社会科学院研究生院经济系教授、博士生导师(2000),于2011年荣退。史志宏教授自1993年起享受国务院政府特殊津贴,曾任中国经济史学会古代经济史专业委员会理事,先后赴英国伦敦大学亚非学院(SOAS)和荷兰莱顿大学汉学研究院(Sinological Institute)做访问学者并从事合作研究。
 
目录

导 言

  一 本书缘起

  二 历史数据

  三 研究方法

  四 前人成果

第一章 耕地面积

  一 清官书的田亩数字非实际耕地数

  二 清代各时期实际耕地面积估计

第二章 粮食的平均亩产和总产量

  一 亩产量

  二 总产量

第三章 粮食总产值

  一 现存的清代粮价数据

  二 道光三十年的粮价和清代各时期粮食总产值估计

  三 粮食的生产成本和粮食生产增加值估计

第四章 种植业总产值和农业总产值

  一 种植业总产值

  二 林牧渔业和农业生产总值

第五章 清代农业的发展与不发展

  一 清代农业是中国传统农业发展的最高峰

  二 清代农业发展的局限

附录一 清代人口估计和人口资料

  一 清代官方的人口统计

  二 本项研究各时点的人口总数估计

附录二 清代的耕地面积记录

附录三 清代的粮食亩产记录

参考文献

丛书名:中国量化经济史丛书
页数:354
书号:978-7-5097-9920-8
关键词:清代|农业|中国农业
开本:16
装帧:平装

更多关于本书英文版信息可见以下链接
Agricultural Development in Qing China: A Quantitative Study, 1661-1911

Customs Duties in the Qing Dynasty, ca. 1644-1911

NI Yuping, Tsinghua University

Biographical note

NI Yuping, Ph.D (2003), Peking University, is professor of History Department, Tsinghua University, China. He has published monographs and many articles on China’s financial history.

Readership

All interested in the history of the Qing dynasty of China, especially those who pay close attention to the Qing’s financial history.

Table of contents

Foreword ... ix
Bozhong LI
Foreword ... xiv
Maarten DUIJVENDAK
Emperors of the Qing Dynasty ... xvii
List of Maps, Figures and Tables ... xviii
List of Abbreviations ... xxiii
List of Chinese Terms ... xxiv
About the Guan (Customs Office) ... xxvi

Introduction ... 1

1 Research Approach ... 5
1.1 Previous Research ... 5
1.2 Data Sources ... 7

2 The System of Customs Duties under the Qing Dynasty ... 11
2.1 The System of Customs Duties in Traditional China ... 11
2.2 The Changguan System of the Qing ... 14
2.3 Policy Adjustments ... 17
2.4 Rate of Taxation and Surtaxes ... 23
2.5 Yangguan ... 31

3 Land Border Customs ... 34
3.1 Shanhai Guan ... 34
3.2 Zhangjiakou ... 37
3.3 Shahukou ... 40
3.4 Guihuacheng ... 42
3.5 Dajianlu ... 44
3.6 Fenghuangcheng Zhongjiang ... 45
3.7 Fengtian Niuma Shui ... 46
3.8 Wu Chang and Xun Chang ... 47
3.9 Chihli Pantaokou ... 49
3.10 Other Ports ... 50
3.11 Summary ... 52

4 Grand Canal and Yangtze River Customs ... 54
4.1 Chongwenmen ... 54
4.2 Zuoyi and Youyi ... 56
4.3 Zuoliangtin ... 61
4.4 Huai’an Guan ... 62
4.5 Hushu Guan ... 65
4.6 Yangzhou Guan ... 67
4.7 Wuhu Guan ... 69
4.8 Fengyang Guan ... 71
4.9 Longjiang Guan and Xixing Guan ... 74
4.10 Jiujiang Guan ... 78
4.11 Gan Guan ... 79
4.12 Beixin Guan and Nanxin Guan ... 82
4.13 Linqin Guan ... 85
4.14 Taiping Guan ... 88
4.15 Wuchang Guan ... 90
4.16 Jingzhou Guan and Hubei Xinguan ... 92
4.17 Kui Guan and Yu Guan ... 95
4.18 Summary ... 98

5 Coastal Customs ... 100
5.1 Tianjin Guan ... 100
5.2 Tianjin Haiguan ... 102
5.3 Jianghai Guan ... 103
5.4 Zhehai Guan ... 106
5.5 Minhai Guan ... 108
5.6 Yuehai Changguan (after 1861) ... 110
5.7 Donghai Guan ... 111
5.8 Brief Summary ... 112

6 Yangguan ... 114
6.1 Yuehai Guan (before 1861) ... 115
6.2 Jianghai Yangguan (1844–1861) ... 117
6.3 Zhehai Yangguan (1844–1861) ... 118
6.4 Xiamen and Fuzhou Yangguan (1844–1861) ... 119
6.5 Yangguan (after 1861) ... 120
6.6 Brief Summary ... 124

7 Customs Duties and the Economy ... 128
7.1 Changguan and Yangguan ... 128
7.2 Huguan and Gongguan ... 138
7.3 Influence of Population Growth and Inflation ... 152

8 Conclusion ... 167

Postscript ... 171

Appendix A – Customs Revenues Collected at Changguan, 1723–1910 ... 173
Appendix B – Customs Revenue Data for Yuhei Guan, 1723–1911 ... 211
Appendix C – Customs Revenues Collected at Yangguan, 1844–1910 ... 212

References ... 220
Index ... 227

ISBN13: 9789004324879
E-ISBN: 9789004324886
Publication Date: November 2016
Format: Hardback
Publication Type: Book
Pages, Illustr.: xxvi, 229 pp.; incl. 72 color figures, 72 tables and 1 color map
Imprint: BRILL
Language: English, Chinese simplified, Chinese traditional / complex
 
Main Series: Global Economic History Series
Sub Series: The Quantitative Economic History of China
ISSN: 2405-870X
Volume: 13/2

Central Government Silver Treasury: Revenue, Expenditure and Inventory Statistics, ca. 1667-1899

Shi Zhihong, Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Biographical note

SHI Zhihong, gained his PhD from the Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1988. He is currently a Senior Researcher and Professor of Chinese Economic History at the Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Professor SHI is the author of several monographs and many articles on China’s agricultural and financial history.

Readership

All interested in the history of the Qing dynasty of China, especially those who pay close attention to the Qing’s financial history.

Table of contents

Series Editors’ Preface to the Quantitative Economic History of China Series ... vii
List of Figures and Tables ... viii
Emperors of the Qing Dynasty ... xiv
Chinese Terms ... xv
Currencies Used during the Qing Dynasty ... xxii

Introduction ... 1
1 The Central Government’s Silver Treasury ... 4
1.1 Set-up and Evolution of the Three Stores ... 4
1.2 Management of the Silver Treasury ... 7

2 Silver Treasury Registers and Their Copies ... 14
2.1 Yellow Registers of the Silver Treasury ... 14
2.2 Copies of the Yellow Registers of the Silver Treasury ... 18
2.3 Use in this Book of Copies of Yellow Registers ... 23
2.3.1 Annual Aggregate Revenues, Expenditures and Their Surpluses/Defijicits ... 24
2.3.2 Annual Inventories of the Silver Treasury ... 25

3 Silver Treasury Revenues during the Qing Dynasty ... 27
3.1 Provisions to the Capital and Silver Treasury Revenues ... 27
3.2 Silver Treasury Revenues from Kangxi to Daoguang: 1662–1850 ... 35
3.3 Silver Treasury Revenues during Xianfeng and Tongzhi: 1851–1874 ... 45
3.4 Silver Treasury Revenues during Guangxu: 1875–1908 ... 52

4 Silver Treasury Expenditures and Payment Surpluses/Defijicits during the Qing Dynasty ... 64
4.1 From Kangxi to Daoguang ... 64
4.2 The XianfengTongzhi Period ... 79
4.3 Guangxu Period ... 86

5 Fluctuations in Inventories of the Silver Treasury during the Qing Dynasty ... 96
5.1 From Kangxi to Daoguang ... 96
5.2 Xianfeng, Tongzhi and Guangxu ... 102

Appendix A: Tables of Aggregate Revenue/Expenditure of the Silver Treasury ... 109
Appendix B: Inventories of the Silver Treasury under Diffferent Reigns ... 217

References ... 245
Index ... 250

ISBN13: 9789004307322
E-ISBN: 9789004307339
Publication Date: January 2016
Format: Hardback
Publication Type: Book
Pages, Illustr.: xxviii, 252 pp.; incl. 120 tables, 10 figures and 12 illustrations
Imprint: BRILL
Language: English, Chinese simplified, Chinese traditional / complex
 
Main Series: Global Economic History Series
Sub Series: The Quantitative Economic History of China
ISSN: 2405-870X
Volume: 12/01

博睿学术出版社代表来访

On the 5th of April 2017, Wendel Scholma came to visit the HINDI research group at the International Institute of Social History. Wendel Scholma is the Acquisitions Editor of Brill Publishers, where she is responsible for the publications concerning Modern History, Cultural History, Economic and Social History, Legal History and History on Cartography.

In this context, she was present to discuss the upcoming editions of the Quantitive Economic History Series of China, as well as to look at possible future collaborations between Brill Publishers and the HINDI research group.

黄英伟博士正式签约《量化中国经济史》丛书

Dr. Huang Yingwei from the Institute of Economics, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) recently joins our book series, The Quantitative Economic History of China. He is the 7th contracted author of the book series.

Dr. Huang Yingwei 黄英伟

Dr. Huang Yingwei

Dr. Huang will publish a book on The Work Point System in Rural China, a topic on which he has written extensively before.

Dr. Huang Yingwei has officially signed his contract in Beijing on 16 December, 2016. This book is expected to be finished in December 2018.

Institute of Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences