中山大学黄国信教授正式与HINDI项目组开展合作

近日,中山大学历史系黄国信教授应HINDI项目组之邀,正式加入HINDI项目组负责组织的《中国量化经济史》(The Quantitative Economic History of China)丛书,并与荷兰博睿(Brill)出版社签订出版合约。

Prof. Dr. Huang Guoxin 黄国信

黄国信教授1964年出生于湖南,先后就读于湖南省茶陵师范学校、中山大学历史系,1992年获历史学硕士学位,2003年获历史学博士学位。1993年迄今就职于中山大学历史系,历任助教(1993-1994)、讲师(1994-2001)、副教授(2001-2006)、教授(2006-),现为中山大学历史系暨历史人类学中心教授、博士生导师,兼任中山大学中国文化研究院执行院长、中山大学岭南文化研究院执行委员、教育部新世纪优秀人才、中国社会史学会副会长,曾先后赴香港科技大学人文学部、香港中文大学历史系访学。

黄国信教授研究兴趣以明清社会经济史为主,侧重于明清盐业史、商业史、社会史,在相关领域有着深厚的积累。因此本次合作,HINDI项目组邀请黄国信教授就清代盐业进行写作。本书作为HINDI项目组负责组织的《中国量化经济史》丛书分卷,亦是博睿出版社《全球经济史》丛书之部分,预期可于2018年9月前后完成,由博睿出版社出版英文版《Market and Administration:A Study on the Mechanism of Salt Monopoly in Qing Dynasty》,并由社会科学文献出版社同步出版中文版《清代盐政的市场原则与行政运作机制研究》。

the department of history Sun Yat-sen University 中山大学历史系

Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933

Australian Economic History Review
when 2016
who Yi Xu
Zhihong Shi
Bas van Leeuwen
Yuping Ni
Zipeng Zhang
Ye Ma
what journal Australian Economic History Review
what paper Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933
language English

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi Zhang Zipeng
     

abstract

In recent decades, national income has become increasingly important as a measure of a nation’s economic health. In this study, we used a wide array of primary and secondary sources to arrive at values of the Chinese per capita gross domestic product during the period of 1661–1933. We found a persistent decline in the per capita gross domestic product between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, followed by a period of stagnation. This pattern, which shows up in many Asian countries, with the exception of Japan, provides a basis for improving our understanding of the patterns of global economic convergence and divergence.

keywords

China; growth; national income; Qing dynasty

link to paper page of the journal website

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aehr.12127/full

citation format

MLA Xu, Yi et al. “Chinese National Income, Ca. 1661–1933.” Australian Economic History Review, vol 57, no. 3, 2016, pp. 368–393. doi:10.1111/aehr.12127.
APA Xu, Y., Shi, Z., van Leeuwen, B., Ni, Y., Zhang, Z., & Ma, Y. (2016). Chinese National Income, ca. 1661-1933. Australian Economic History Review, 57(3), 368–393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aehr.12127
Chicago Xu, Yi, Zhihong Shi, Bas van Leeuwen, Yuping Ni, Zipeng Zhang, and Ye Ma. 2016. “Chinese National Income, Ca. 1661-1933”. Australian Economic History Review 57 (3): 368–393. doi:10.1111/aehr.12127.
Harvard
Xu, Y., Shi, Z., Leeuwen, B., Ni, Y., Zhang, Z. and Ma, Y., 2017. Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933. Australian Economic History Review, 57(3), pp.368-393.
Vancouver Xu Y, Shi Z, Leeuwen B, Ni Y, Zhang Z, Ma Y. Chinese National Income, ca. 1661–1933. Australian Economic History Review. 2017 Nov 1;57(3):368-93.

 

Agricultural Development in Qing China: A Quantitative Study, 1661-1911

Shi Zhihong, Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Biographical note

SHI Zhihong, gained his PhD from the Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1988. He is currently a Senior Researcher and Professor of Chinese Economic History at the Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Professor SHI is the author of several monographs and many articles on China’s agricultural and financial history.
 

Readership

All interested in the history of the Qing dynasty of China, and anyone interested in agricultural developments.

Table of contents

Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Emperors of the Qing Dynasty
Chinese Terms
Weights and Measures Used during the Qing Dynasty
Maps of China

0 Introduction
 0.1 Origins of this Book
 0.2 Historical Data Used
 0.3 Research Approach
 0.4 Previous Studies

1 Cultivated Land Area
 1.1 Why Official Qing Records are Not Accurate
 1.2 Actual Area of Land Cultivated during the Qing Dynasty

2 Grain Production: Per Unit Yield and Total Output
 2.1 Average Yield of Grain Crops
 2.2 Total Output of Grain

3 Grain Output Value
 3.1 Grain Price Data Used in this Study
 3.2 Value of Grain Output in Various Periods of the Qing Dynasty
 3.3 Production Cost and Value Added from Grain Production

4 Non-Grain Output Values and Total Agricultural Value
 4.1 Cash-Crop Output Value
 4.2 Output Value of Non-Crop-Based Agricultural Production and Gross Added Values of Overall Agriculture in the Qing Dynasty

5 Development and Underdevelopment of Agriculture in the Qing Dynasty
 5.1 The Zenith of Traditional Agriculture in China
 5.2 Limitations of Agricultural Development in the Qing Dynasty

Appendix A: Population
Appendix B: Cultivated Area
Appendix C: Yield Per Unit Area
Appendix D: Agrarian Structure, Rural Actors and Their Interaction in the System of Agricultural Production During the Qing Dynasty: Land Ownership, Peasants, Landlords and the State

References
Index

ISBN13: 9789004354920
E-ISBN: 9789004355248
Publication Date: October 2017
Format: Hardback
Publication Type: Book
Imprint: BRILL
Language: English, Chinese simplified, Chinese traditional / complex
 
Main Series: Global Economic History Series
Sub Series: The Quantitative Economic History of China
ISSN: 2405-870X
Volume: 14/3
 

More information on the Chinese version of the book is available in the link below
清代农业的发展和不发展(1661~1911年)

The Quantification of The Agricultural Revolution: A Review of Shi Zhihong’s

when 2015
who Bas van Leeuwen
Zhang Zipeng
what journal Researches in Chinese Economic History (中国经济史研究)
what paper The Quantification of The Agricultural Revolution: A Review of Shi Zhihong’s (农业革命的量化——评史志宏《清代农业生产指标的估计》)
language Chinese

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Zhang Zipeng
   

abstract

农业发展是历史研究,或者更确切地说,经济史研究中最重要的领域之一。譬如农业生产率的提高被视为推升英格兰工业化水平的一个重要原因。此外,前近代社会由于经济规模较小,农业在其福利和税收方面都扮演着重要角色。因此,几个世纪以来,许多所谓传统学派的学者试图对农业总产出进行量化。随着城市化的兴起,出现了另一种学派,着重研究农业变动的社会和文化涵义。不过,传统学派的重要地位一直延续至今。在中国,农业的定量研究同样是许多大讨论的基础。譬如最近兴起的大分流讨论,即针对18至19世纪中国相对于西欧的经济地位,其中农业部门增长或衰退的争论便是其中的主要问题之一。史志宏研究员在其《清代农业生产指标的估计》一文中,对清代中国农业的数据进行了系统化的收集和分析,堪称这一领域最全面的研究成果,必将对农业史和经济史的研究产生重大影响。

keywords

农业,中国,英格兰,清代

citation format

MLA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
Vancouver

 

Customs Duties in the Qing Dynasty, ca. 1644-1911

NI Yuping, Tsinghua University

Biographical note

NI Yuping, Ph.D (2003), Peking University, is professor of History Department, Tsinghua University, China. He has published monographs and many articles on China’s financial history.

Readership

All interested in the history of the Qing dynasty of China, especially those who pay close attention to the Qing’s financial history.

Table of contents

Foreword ... ix
Bozhong LI
Foreword ... xiv
Maarten DUIJVENDAK
Emperors of the Qing Dynasty ... xvii
List of Maps, Figures and Tables ... xviii
List of Abbreviations ... xxiii
List of Chinese Terms ... xxiv
About the Guan (Customs Office) ... xxvi

Introduction ... 1

1 Research Approach ... 5
1.1 Previous Research ... 5
1.2 Data Sources ... 7

2 The System of Customs Duties under the Qing Dynasty ... 11
2.1 The System of Customs Duties in Traditional China ... 11
2.2 The Changguan System of the Qing ... 14
2.3 Policy Adjustments ... 17
2.4 Rate of Taxation and Surtaxes ... 23
2.5 Yangguan ... 31

3 Land Border Customs ... 34
3.1 Shanhai Guan ... 34
3.2 Zhangjiakou ... 37
3.3 Shahukou ... 40
3.4 Guihuacheng ... 42
3.5 Dajianlu ... 44
3.6 Fenghuangcheng Zhongjiang ... 45
3.7 Fengtian Niuma Shui ... 46
3.8 Wu Chang and Xun Chang ... 47
3.9 Chihli Pantaokou ... 49
3.10 Other Ports ... 50
3.11 Summary ... 52

4 Grand Canal and Yangtze River Customs ... 54
4.1 Chongwenmen ... 54
4.2 Zuoyi and Youyi ... 56
4.3 Zuoliangtin ... 61
4.4 Huai’an Guan ... 62
4.5 Hushu Guan ... 65
4.6 Yangzhou Guan ... 67
4.7 Wuhu Guan ... 69
4.8 Fengyang Guan ... 71
4.9 Longjiang Guan and Xixing Guan ... 74
4.10 Jiujiang Guan ... 78
4.11 Gan Guan ... 79
4.12 Beixin Guan and Nanxin Guan ... 82
4.13 Linqin Guan ... 85
4.14 Taiping Guan ... 88
4.15 Wuchang Guan ... 90
4.16 Jingzhou Guan and Hubei Xinguan ... 92
4.17 Kui Guan and Yu Guan ... 95
4.18 Summary ... 98

5 Coastal Customs ... 100
5.1 Tianjin Guan ... 100
5.2 Tianjin Haiguan ... 102
5.3 Jianghai Guan ... 103
5.4 Zhehai Guan ... 106
5.5 Minhai Guan ... 108
5.6 Yuehai Changguan (after 1861) ... 110
5.7 Donghai Guan ... 111
5.8 Brief Summary ... 112

6 Yangguan ... 114
6.1 Yuehai Guan (before 1861) ... 115
6.2 Jianghai Yangguan (1844–1861) ... 117
6.3 Zhehai Yangguan (1844–1861) ... 118
6.4 Xiamen and Fuzhou Yangguan (1844–1861) ... 119
6.5 Yangguan (after 1861) ... 120
6.6 Brief Summary ... 124

7 Customs Duties and the Economy ... 128
7.1 Changguan and Yangguan ... 128
7.2 Huguan and Gongguan ... 138
7.3 Influence of Population Growth and Inflation ... 152

8 Conclusion ... 167

Postscript ... 171

Appendix A – Customs Revenues Collected at Changguan, 1723–1910 ... 173
Appendix B – Customs Revenue Data for Yuhei Guan, 1723–1911 ... 211
Appendix C – Customs Revenues Collected at Yangguan, 1844–1910 ... 212

References ... 220
Index ... 227

ISBN13: 9789004324879
E-ISBN: 9789004324886
Publication Date: November 2016
Format: Hardback
Publication Type: Book
Pages, Illustr.: xxvi, 229 pp.; incl. 72 color figures, 72 tables and 1 color map
Imprint: BRILL
Language: English, Chinese simplified, Chinese traditional / complex
 
Main Series: Global Economic History Series
Sub Series: The Quantitative Economic History of China
ISSN: 2405-870X
Volume: 13/2

Central Government Silver Treasury: Revenue, Expenditure and Inventory Statistics, ca. 1667-1899

Shi Zhihong, Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Biographical note

SHI Zhihong, gained his PhD from the Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1988. He is currently a Senior Researcher and Professor of Chinese Economic History at the Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Professor SHI is the author of several monographs and many articles on China’s agricultural and financial history.

Readership

All interested in the history of the Qing dynasty of China, especially those who pay close attention to the Qing’s financial history.

Table of contents

Series Editors’ Preface to the Quantitative Economic History of China Series ... vii
List of Figures and Tables ... viii
Emperors of the Qing Dynasty ... xiv
Chinese Terms ... xv
Currencies Used during the Qing Dynasty ... xxii

Introduction ... 1
1 The Central Government’s Silver Treasury ... 4
1.1 Set-up and Evolution of the Three Stores ... 4
1.2 Management of the Silver Treasury ... 7

2 Silver Treasury Registers and Their Copies ... 14
2.1 Yellow Registers of the Silver Treasury ... 14
2.2 Copies of the Yellow Registers of the Silver Treasury ... 18
2.3 Use in this Book of Copies of Yellow Registers ... 23
2.3.1 Annual Aggregate Revenues, Expenditures and Their Surpluses/Defijicits ... 24
2.3.2 Annual Inventories of the Silver Treasury ... 25

3 Silver Treasury Revenues during the Qing Dynasty ... 27
3.1 Provisions to the Capital and Silver Treasury Revenues ... 27
3.2 Silver Treasury Revenues from Kangxi to Daoguang: 1662–1850 ... 35
3.3 Silver Treasury Revenues during Xianfeng and Tongzhi: 1851–1874 ... 45
3.4 Silver Treasury Revenues during Guangxu: 1875–1908 ... 52

4 Silver Treasury Expenditures and Payment Surpluses/Defijicits during the Qing Dynasty ... 64
4.1 From Kangxi to Daoguang ... 64
4.2 The XianfengTongzhi Period ... 79
4.3 Guangxu Period ... 86

5 Fluctuations in Inventories of the Silver Treasury during the Qing Dynasty ... 96
5.1 From Kangxi to Daoguang ... 96
5.2 Xianfeng, Tongzhi and Guangxu ... 102

Appendix A: Tables of Aggregate Revenue/Expenditure of the Silver Treasury ... 109
Appendix B: Inventories of the Silver Treasury under Diffferent Reigns ... 217

References ... 245
Index ... 250

ISBN13: 9789004307322
E-ISBN: 9789004307339
Publication Date: January 2016
Format: Hardback
Publication Type: Book
Pages, Illustr.: xxviii, 252 pp.; incl. 120 tables, 10 figures and 12 illustrations
Imprint: BRILL
Language: English, Chinese simplified, Chinese traditional / complex
 
Main Series: Global Economic History Series
Sub Series: The Quantitative Economic History of China
ISSN: 2405-870X
Volume: 12/01

Workshop: ‘Societal responses to drops in food supply’ at Utrecht University

Workshop ‘Societal responses to drops in food supply’
Date: 4-5 November 2016
Location: Drift 21, room 0.05 (Sweelinckzaal), Utrecht, the Netherlands

This workshop dealt with the question how resilient societies are in the face of adversities. The practical adversity chosen was famine. Government, societal, and inidvidual responses were discussed from antiquity to the present for China, the MIddle East and Europe

People waiting for famine relief in Bangalore From the Illustrated London News, 1877 as provided/Wikimedia Commons. Image is in public domain.

People waiting for famine relief in Bangalore From the Illustrated London News, 1877 as provided/Wikimedia Commons. Image is in public domain.