The Performance of Chinese Industry in a World Perspective, ca. 1850-2012: A Value Added Approach

when 2016
who Xu Yi
Bas van Leeuwen
what journal Researches in Chinese Economic History (中国经济史研究)
what paper The Performance of Chinese Industry in a World Perspective,ca. 1850 -2012: A Value Added Approach (中国工业的长期表现及其全球比较:1850—2012年——以增加值核算为中心)
language Chinese

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi
   

abstract

Based on new statistical materials from the United Nations as well as from historical research into various countries around the world,this paper arrives at an estimate of value added of Chinese and world industries between 1850 and 2012. In doing so,we not only modify past work from the scholar Paul Bairoch, but also arrive at significantly different conclusions about China ’s position in world industrialization.

keywords

China,Industrialization,Value Added,World

citation format

MLA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
Vancouver

The Changing Shape of Global Inequality 1820–2000; Exploring a New Dataset

when 2014
who Jan Luiten van Zanden

Joerg Baten

Péter Földvári

Bas van Leeuwen

what journal Review of Income and Wealth
what paper The Changing Shape of Global Inequality 1820–2000; Exploring a New Dataset
language English

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Peter Foldvari
   

abstract

A new dataset for charting the development of global inequality between 1820 and 2000 is presented, based on a large variety of sources and methods for estimating (gross household) income inequality. On this basis we estimate the evolution of global income inequality over the past two centuries. Two sets of benchmarks about between-country inequality (the Maddison 1990 benchmark and the recent 2005 ICP round) are taken into account. We find that between 1820 and 1950, increasing per capita income is combined with increasing global inequality. After 1950, global inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient or the Theil index remains more or less constant. It also appears that the global income distribution was uni-modal in the nineteenth century, became increasingly bi-modal between 1910 and 1970 with two world wars, a depression and de-globalization, and was suddenly transformed back into a uni-modal distribution between 1980 and 2000.

keywords

economic development; inequality; output convergence; world

link to paper page of the journal website

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/roiw.12014/full

citation format

MLA Zanden, Jan Luiten, et al. “The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset.” Review of Income and Wealth 60.2 (2014): 279-297.
APA Zanden, J. L., Baten, J., Foldvari, P., & Leeuwen, B. (2014). The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset. Review of Income and Wealth, 60(2), 279-297.
Chicago Zanden, Jan Luiten, Joerg Baten, Peter Foldvari, and Bas Leeuwen. “The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset.” Review of Income and Wealth 60, no. 2 (2014): 279-297.
Harvard Zanden, J.L., Baten, J., Foldvari, P. and Leeuwen, B., 2014. The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset. Review of Income and Wealth, 60(2), pp.279-297.
Vancouver Zanden JL, Baten J, Foldvari P, Leeuwen B. The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset. Review of Income and Wealth. 2014 Jun 1;60(2):279-97.

 

China in World Industrialization

when 2016
who Yi Xu

Bas van Leeuwen

what journal China Economist
what paper China in World Industrialization
language English

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Xu Yi
   

abstract

Combining the sectoral accounting method of the System of National Accounts(SNA) with new statistical materials from the United Nations, as well as historical research into various countries around the world, this paper arrives at an estimate of value added of Chinese and world industries between 1850 and 2012. In doing so, we not only modify past work by Paul Bairoch, but also arrive at significantly different conclusions about China’s position in world industrialization. 

keywords

China, industrialization, value added, world

link to paper page of the journal website

http://www.chinaeconomist.com/index.php/2017/05/22/china-in-world-industrialization/

citation format

MLA Xu, Y., and Bas van Leeuwen. “China in World Industrialization.” China Economist 11.6 (2016): 98-109.
APA Xu, Y., & van Leeuwen, B. (2016). China in World Industrialization. China Economist, 11(6), 98-109.
Chicago Xu, Y., and Bas van Leeuwen. “China in World Industrialization.” China Economist 11, no. 6 (2016): 98-109.
Harvard Xu, Y. and van Leeuwen, B., 2016. China in World Industrialization. China Economist, 11(6), pp.98-109.
Vancouver Xu Y, van Leeuwen B. China in World Industrialization. China Economist. 2016;11(6):98-109.