The Changing Shape of Global Inequality 1820–2000; Exploring a New Dataset

when 2014
who Jan Luiten van Zanden

Joerg Baten

Péter Földvári

Bas van Leeuwen

what journal Review of Income and Wealth
what paper The Changing Shape of Global Inequality 1820–2000; Exploring a New Dataset
language English

involved project member(s)

Bas van Leeuwen Peter Foldvari
   

abstract

A new dataset for charting the development of global inequality between 1820 and 2000 is presented, based on a large variety of sources and methods for estimating (gross household) income inequality. On this basis we estimate the evolution of global income inequality over the past two centuries. Two sets of benchmarks about between-country inequality (the Maddison 1990 benchmark and the recent 2005 ICP round) are taken into account. We find that between 1820 and 1950, increasing per capita income is combined with increasing global inequality. After 1950, global inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient or the Theil index remains more or less constant. It also appears that the global income distribution was uni-modal in the nineteenth century, became increasingly bi-modal between 1910 and 1970 with two world wars, a depression and de-globalization, and was suddenly transformed back into a uni-modal distribution between 1980 and 2000.

keywords

economic development; inequality; output convergence; world

link to paper page of the journal website

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/roiw.12014/full

citation format

MLA Zanden, Jan Luiten, et al. “The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset.” Review of Income and Wealth 60.2 (2014): 279-297.
APA Zanden, J. L., Baten, J., Foldvari, P., & Leeuwen, B. (2014). The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset. Review of Income and Wealth, 60(2), 279-297.
Chicago Zanden, Jan Luiten, Joerg Baten, Peter Foldvari, and Bas Leeuwen. “The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset.” Review of Income and Wealth 60, no. 2 (2014): 279-297.
Harvard Zanden, J.L., Baten, J., Foldvari, P. and Leeuwen, B., 2014. The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset. Review of Income and Wealth, 60(2), pp.279-297.
Vancouver Zanden JL, Baten J, Foldvari P, Leeuwen B. The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset. Review of Income and Wealth. 2014 Jun 1;60(2):279-97.